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Is pregnancy possible after vasectomy?

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Is pregnancy possible after vasectomy?

 

Pregnancy after vasectomy is very possible, though the chances are smaller when compared to before vasectomy. So in this article, I’m going to explain possible ways to achieve pregnancy after vasectomy.

First, let’s get to understand more what vasectomy is!

WHAT IS VASECTOMY?

Vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure whereby the vas deferentia, which are ducts that carry sperm from the testicles to the seminal vesicles are cut, tied, sealed, seared, or otherwise interrupted. It is said to be a permanent birth control procedure. There is a scalpel approach, but recently a non- scalpel approach is applauded, though both give the same result.

In the non-scalpel approach, no incisions are made, locking forceps with a sharp tip, is used to puncture through the skin of the scrotal sac, or a special tear is made in the scrotal sac, with a special hemostat, the vas deferens is then grasped with a special clamp and tied off.

After a vasectomy, there is no effect on urination, ejaculation, erection, and libido. The male sexual life actually remains the same, there is still the production of sperm, but the body reabsorbs the sperm, and the male still produces semen, just that the semen do not contain sperm for the fertilization of the female egg, leading to no pregnancies.

RECANALIZATION

 Also, there is a possibility that the Vas deferens can grow back together after vasectomy, and there is a possibility of pregnancy occurring, if the individual has intercourse. This occurs the first 6-8 weeks after vasectomy. Recanalization is likely to happen when ;  one chooses an open-ended vasectomy which closes only one end of the vessel.

So it is advised to go for a lab test weeks after vasectomy, to ascertain that there are no sperm in the semen, and it should be certified by your doctor.

There are certain reasons that would make a couple consider pregnancy after vasectomy, such reasons include:

1) Death of a child

2) Death of a spouse

3) Divorce.

4) Change of condition that would have made them take a vasectomy decision.

So it’s advisable to consider these reasons before deciding on vasectomy as a birth control option.

Well! Let us call that a crash course on vasectomy, so let us get down to the business of the day; different approaches for possibilities of pregnancy after vasectomy.

In this article, I’m going to let you on two different approaches to pregnancy after vasectomy.

1.Vasectomy reversal.

2. Sperm retrieval.

VASECTOMY REVERSAL –

This is also a minor surgical procedure in which the severed Vas deferens is reconnected and returned to their anatomical place. Vasectomy reversal is possible for about 20 years or longer, after vasectomy. But the longer the individual stays after vasectomy before a reversal, the less likely the possibility to achieve pregnancy.

This is the only procedure that leads to natural conception if successful.

There are two ways to carry out vasectomy reversal, but the quality of the sperm observed in the vassal fluid is important to decide which procedure to use ;

VASOVASOSTOMY – Hmm, all these medical terms seem confusing and ambiguous right? Well, I will try to explain them in simple terms, okay.

During vasovasostomy the separated ends of each severed Vas deferens are reconnected medically, using stitches and sutures. If this procedure is successful this procedure will enable sperm to flow from the testicles again. There are 2 techniques to reconnect the Vas deferens during Vasovasostomy

Single-layer closure – This involves stitching the outer layer of each severed end of the Vas deferens together, with a fine suture thread, this technique takes less time, but sometimes less successful.

Double layer closure – This technique involves stitching the inner layer of each severed end of the tube first and then stitching the outer layer before reconnection is established and the scrotal incisions closed.

Vasovasostomy takes two to three hours to perform depending on the complexity of the surgery and the experience of the surgeon in charge. If a successful vasovasostomy is done, the average time for achieving pregnancy after the vasovasostomy is one year, though this is not certain, a good sperm count usually returns within three to six weeks.

vasectomy

photo istock

 Two conditions have to be met for a successful vasovasostomy.

1) The patient must have sperm available to pass through at least one reconnection and

2) Each connection must be watertight as possible to prevent scar tissue from forming.

VASOEPIDIDYMOSTOMY- This procedure can also be called Epididymovasostomy. This is done only when a test has been carried out on the vassal fluid, and the findings shows Epididymal obstruction, it is often done when vasovasostomy fails, and also when there is no sperm present in the Vas deference.

It involves the connection of the severed Vas deferens to the epididymis and it is more technically demanding than the vasovasostomy. It attaches the Vas deferens directly to the epididymis above the point of blockage, the epididymis is inspected and an individual tubule is selected to enter and connect to the Vas deferens, from this point anyone out of two techniques can be used.

There are two technique to this approach;

Mucosa- to-Mucosa end-side method- In this method, an opened epididymal tubule is connected to the severed end of the Vas deferens with four to six small simple sutures, placed around the girth of each tubule.

Invagination vasoepididymostomy- here one to three sutures are placed near the opening of the epididymal tubule to allow the epididymal tubule to invaginate into the Vas deferens. The invagination technique has been said to have a higher chance of success and an improved watertight seal, theoretically though.

The success of vasoepididymostomy is highly dependant on the proficiency of the surgeon. Swelling, pains, and bleeding are likely to occur after vasectomy reversal, it is important to report this discomfort immediately to your doctor.

After a vasectomy reversal, it is advised to wear a hockey strap for support for about four to six weeks, and also abstain from strenuous activities for a while.

 There are risk factors that affect the success rate of vasectomy reversal, hence the possibility of pregnancy, some of these risk factors include:

✓ Age of the female partner and the couple’s fertility potential.

✓ The method of reversal used

✓ The experience of the surgeon carrying out the procedure.

✓ The length of the Vas deferens left on the testicular end.

✓ The presence of inflammatory response after vasectomy= The presence of a sperm granuloma, a lump created by extravasated sperm after vasectomy has been found to be an indicator of vasectomy success.

✓ The length of time that has elapsed since the vasectomy was performed.

✓ Occlusion of the Vas deferens two or more years after the operation.

 

The success rate of vasectomy reversal is 90% according to a report in the Asian Journal of andrology.

Also after vasectomy reversal, an average of 90% will regain sperm after three to six months and an average of 73% will achieve pregnancy after a year according to Herrel LA, Good man M, Goldstein M, Haio W. outcomes of microsurgical vasovasostomy for vasectomy reversal: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

After the vasectomy reversal procedures, sperm evaluation is done later on. Once sperm counts return to adequate levels, the chance of pregnancy increases.

The second approach to achieving pregnancy after vasectomy is

SPERM RETRIEVAL

   This is a way by which sperm is extracted from a male individual for either storage or to be used freshly, for either artificial insemination or in-vitro fertilization, for the purpose of achieving pregnancy.

There are different methods of sperm retrieval or harvest, a method is chosen based on where the sperm is to be extracted, what the individual wants, the capabilities of the surgeon in charge.

Before and after vasectomy the individual can retrieve his sperm and store using a process called cryopreservation, this special process would be explained later on in this article so stay tuned.

SPERM RETRIEVAL METHODS

1) NON-SURGICAL SPERM RETRIEVAL

If the collection of sperm is to done before vasectomy, no severance of male parts have been made, sperm can be collected naturally, by masturbation, interrupted intercourse, and other ways to get the male ejaculate and produce semen containing sperm, no lubrication should be used!

This sperm is collected in a special sterile laboratory container or a special type of collection condoms, that do not contain spermicide. The sperm should be taken to the laboratory within one hour if the collection was not done within the laboratory.

Ejaculation can be induced too if the individual has retrograde ejaculation or Anejaculation. Ejaculation can be induced using

PENILE VIBRATORY STIMULATION- done with a special vibrator placed at the top of the penis, this stimulation can cause the ejaculation of sperm naturally.

ELECTROEJACULATION- This is done with a prob that sends electrical energy to the prostrate and seminal vesicles inducing ejaculation.

Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA)-

   A thin needle is used to puncture the tested to gently pull out sperm, no other cut is needed, a nerve block( an anesthetic into the nerves to treat pain) is used.

Micro Epididymal Sperm Aspiration– sperm is removed from the Epididymal tubes, using a needle

Percutaneous Epididymal sperm aspiration- here the urologist sticks a needle attached to a syringe into the epididymis to gently remove sperm, however, sperm may not always come out this way.

MICROSURGICAL SPERM RETRIEVAL

Testicular sperm Extraction- this is done in an operating room, this way more of the testis is examined, less tissue is removed, also less damage is done to the blood vessels, making several cuts and incisions in the testis and examining the tubules for the presence of sperm.

Microdissection testicular sperm extraction- this is also the extraction of sperm from the seminiferous tubules of a male testis. Most times 60% of sperm is found using this method.

      Risk factors of sperm retrieval include

*Testicular injury or loss

*The chance of not finding sperm

* Infection and pains

* The need for future procedures.

The sperm collected can be used fresh or cryopreserved.

Cryopreservation- This is the process of cooling, preserving, and storing cells, tissues, & organelles. in this case, sperm cell at a very low temperature to maintain their viability. The sperm stored can be used successfully indefinitely afterward. Frozen sperm lives only up to 24 hours inside the uterus as opposed to fresh sperm that can stay several days.

After the retrieval of sperm, it can then be used for either ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION OR IN-VITRO FERTILIZATION.

Artificial insemination- This is a fertility treatment method by which sperm is delivered directly to the cervix or uterine cavity for the purpose of achieving pregnancy. There are two approaches to artificial insemination;

  •  Intrauterine insemination (IUI)- this approach involves inserting retrieved sperm directly into the uterus, near the time of ovulation. prepared or washed sperm is used, a special catheter is used to insert the sperm.
  •  Intracervical insemination (ICI)- sperm is inserted into the cervix, care is taken to ensure that the tip of the syringe is as close to the entrance of the cervix as possible, also a cervical cap can be used for the insertion of sperm.

These procedures should be done by a doctor.

According to an article in a journal of andrology, pregnancy success rates for IUI are higher after 6 cycles of IUI compared with the same number of ICI cycles.

IN-VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)- this involves the extraction of eggs from a woman’s ovaries and sperm from a man. The sperm is used to fertilize the eggs in a lab, under controlled conditions, when the eggs grow as embryos, the embryos are then transferred to the woman’s uterus. This method is more invasive than artificial insemination.

IVF involves 2 ways of fertilization

  1. The traditional insemination- healthy sperm and mature eggs are placed in a petri dish,

incubated overnight and the sperm penetrate the eggs naturally in a culture media.

  1. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI)- A single healthy sperm is injected directly into

mature eggs, using a micropipette. This method can be used if eggs have not been

fertilized by the traditional method.

Both IVF and artificial insemination do not guarantee a pregnancy. Using retrieved sperm for any of these procedures makes timing very crucial.

Risk factors of IVF

* Premature delivery and low birth weight

* Egg retrieval procedure complications.

* Multiple births.

In all these procedures listed above the possibility of pregnancy depends on;

✓ Age

✓ Overall reproductive health of the couple.

✓ The total motile sperm count.

✓ The success of the procedure.

Therefore with any of the above-listed approaches, it is possible to achieve pregnancy after vasectomy.

This article is not a guideline for any of the procedures highlighted! you have to speak with your doctor extensively to determine your best option.

 ALSO, READ 14 Possible Benefits Of Drinking Coconut Water In Pregnancy

REFERENCE

  1. MEDICAL NEWS TODAY-https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326737
  2. WEBMD-https://www.webmd.com/sex/birth-control/news/20040505/vasectomies-pregnancy-prevention
  3. VERY WELL FAMILY-https://www.verywellfamily.com/getting-pregnant-after-vasectomy-reversal-4153916
  4. UROLOGY HEALTH- https://www.urologyhealth.org/urology-a-z/v/vasectomy
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Pregnancy

3 Professional Tips For Successful Pregnancy After Two Miscarriages

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a woman stained with blood after a miscarriage

 


Have you had several miscarriages, or you have lost hope of conceiving again, then this article will lighten you up, and help you get pregnant conveniently, and avoid frequent miscarriages.

Recurrent miscarriage can be your worst nightmare and experience, it invites fear, anxiety, and pains, but don’t give up on your motherhood dreams, the excitement that comes from being a mother has always been blissful. So cheer up because in this article you will find useful tips on how to plan a healthy pregnancy and stay safe without the fear of losing your baby.

ALSO, READ 18 REASONS YOU ARE NOT GETTING PREGNANT

COMMON CAUSES OF MISCARRIAGE


Miscarriage is the death of an embryo that occurs spontaneously before the 20th week of pregnancy. According to research, close to 10 to 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Chromosomal abnormality in the developing embryo is the commonest cause of miscarriage. Health conditions like uncontrolled diabetes or problems with the cervix or uterus can also cause miscarriage.
Miscarriage normally takes place once, and the majority easily conceive after it. A study shows that below 5% of women have two consecutive miscarriages, and only 1% of women have three or more consecutive miscarriages. It simply means that there is a high 75% chance to conceive again. After three miscarriages, there are still 65% chances of getting pregnant again without the fear of miscarriage.
Some major causes include:
⭐ Hormonal imbalance
⭐Chromosomal abnormalities
⭐ Thyroid disorder
⭐ Physical complication
⭐ Immunological disorder & chronic illness
⭐Use of drugs, alcohol, or tobacco during pregnancy. etc.
These are some of the major causes of miscarriages in women, some are caused by the activities you engage in or things you consume that could cause alterations, while others are as a result of the reactions or disorders in the body.

USEFUL TIPS TO PLAN A SUCCESSFUL PREGNANCY AFTER TWO MISCARRIAGES


1.Take a break

Miscarriage can cause a very deep feeling of loss, and internal pains both emotionally and physically. It’s painful to think that the baby you have been preparing for is no more, taking a break will help you recover from the shock emotionally and physically.

For conception to take place your entire body system must function properly so that you have a healthy and safe pregnancy. It is advisable you wait for two months or more before trying to get pregnant again. If you had a late miscarriage then you should wait for 6months or more before conceiving again, if you are 35 years or above, then you need to try soon because time is no longer on your side, waiting will not do you any good.

2.Recovering physically

After the miscarriage, the body is still weak and unstable, the uterus needs some time to be strong again and ready to nurture the embryo. It takes time for the lining of the endometrium to become healthy and strong again after a miscarriage.

If the body is not yet fit for conception then another miscarriage might spring up. Doctors usually advise that women should wait for some months before planning another pregnancy in order to have a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Taking a good decision and having a health plan to ensure your next pregnancy is safe aids your baby’s development and growth. You can take some folic acid supplements and prenatal vitamins some months before conception. Your weight should also be in check, excess weight affects conception and pregnancy, ensure to include physical activities in your day-to-day routine. Consume a healthy diet and reduce the quantity of caffeine intake, avoid drugs, smoking, drinking, and do not be exposed to radiations and stress.

3.Consult a medical Gynecologist
After a miscarriage or series of miscarriages consult a gynecologist, to give you medical guidelines on how to plan for a safe pregnancy and also recommend some tests to identify any health challenge that may cause further complications in the future. You may be placed under medication to prepare the body for conception and avoid further miscarriages.

CRITICAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Here are some tests a doctor will recommend to detect any disorder or imbalance before trying to conceive again.

1.Blood Test
A blood test will indicate if there is an underlying problem with the immune system or the hormonal balance in your body.

2.Chromosomal Tests
Couples should undergo this test. It helps to detect any chromosomal abnormalities, that may cause a miscarriage.

3.Ultrasound
An ultrasound test makes use of sound waves to produce images of the internal organs. The doctor may recommend an abdominal scan to get the images of the uterus.

4.Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is a test whereby the doctor inserts a small telescope, through the cervix into the uterus. He examines the openings of the Fallopian tubes and the wall of the uterus to check for any underlying effects or alterations.

5.Sonohysterogram:
During this test, a doctor injects fluid into the uterus through the cervix. It’ll enable him to identify any issue in the lining of the uterus.
The outcome of your test results determines the medical advice and treatment that will be given by your doctor to ensure that your next pregnancy is safe and healthy. You can always have a safe and healthy pregnancy if you are in a state of peak health and a sound mind.

ALSO, READ PREGNANCY AT AGE 50; IS IT ADVICEABLE?

REFERENCE:

1. 3 Expert Tips For Successful Pregnancy After Two Miscarriages

2. All About Pregnancy After Miscarriage | Parents

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Pregnancy

18 REASONS YOU ARE NOT GETTING PREGNANT

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Why you're not getting pregnsnt




To an extent, the sight of pregnant women and babies on screen and in your neighborhood could even Intensify your cravings to become pregnant (usually as a married person). You are ready to conceive or give birth and pregnancy is not forthcoming, it becomes something to worry about, and finding the cause and possible solution is paramount. The joy of motherhood, conceiving and carrying your own baby, is what almost every woman craves.

There are many reasons why a woman of reproductive age would find it difficult to get pregnant. These reasons differ among individuals, depending on your body mechanism. Apparently, most people don’t get pregnant at their first attempt. Whether this is your first attempt at conceiving or you’re beginning to count months of futile efforts, be aware that there are some infertility mysteries that could cause havoc to pregnancy. Below are some that may be stopping you from getting pregnant.

1. Stress

stress
This can be as a result of undue pressure on the body which then causes internal tension. Stress causes the body to wear out. You burn out a lot of energy that could mediate the hormones in the body to be very active and perform their various functions in the body, both sexually and metabolically. It affects you emotionally, mentally, and physically, you can’t function under stress, your body too. Conception requires stability, for proper hormonal activities to take place.

“When you’re stressed, your adrenal system takes a hit. Your body isn’t going to say, ‘Okay, let’s get pregnant.’ Learning to say no and to take time for yourself is important for improving your chances of having a baby.” Says Via Bitidis, co-director of the North Toronto Naturopathic Clinic. The naturopathic doctor opines that balance and calm are a crucial part of trying to conceive.

Megan Karnis, medical director of The ONE Fertility Clinic in Burlington, Ont., agrees with a word of caution: “A lot of women think the best thing to do when you’re stressed is to take time off work. In my experience, that doesn’t help, because it makes a woman feel she has to get pregnant in that time, and then the stress to get pregnant is so much higher,” she says. Instead of altering your day-to-day routine entirely, Karnis recommends counseling, art therapy, meditation, and exercise to reduce stress levels.

2. Lack of Sleep
Sleep is the state of reduced consciousness during which a human or animal rests in a daily rhythm. It’s also an act of total body shut down for adequate rest. Inadequate sleep delays menstruation as a result of induced stress and will also alter your ovulation.
Some chemical substances stimulate sleep. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that stimulates sleep response, and if this is missing one could find it difficult to sleep well. Lack of sleep (or its inadequacy) induces stress which affects and weakens the immune system. This reduces the strength of the immune system to release antigens and antibodies that fight against infection or other foreign bodies that invade the body. It also limits the chances of getting pregnant.

Karnis adds that “This applies to men as well. Infections can cause fever and that excess heat can damage the sperm temporarily.” Furthermore, she said, “Women who don’t get enough sleep can also start to feel anxious, which may cause missed periods.”
Keeping yourself healthy is the baby bottom line, so set the PVR to record Mad Men and enforce a new bedtime.

3. Unstable Cycle
“A lot of women don’t understand their own cycles,” says Bitidis. Most people were taught the normal 28-day cycle in high school, but women are different and cycles differ in duration. You will find it easier to conceive if you observe your ovulation and have sex at the right time.
“We teach women that ovulation is two weeks before your period. Most people think that it’s two weeks after, but that’s only if you have a four-week cycle. The biggest thing is timing.
“We also teach people about sperm life—they can live for three days in the cervix, so you don’t have to have sex on the day of ovulation, it could be the day before. We also find that a lot of people don’t know that lubricant decreases sperm motility and transfer, so you shouldn’t use lubricant when you’re trying to get pregnant,” says Karnis.

4. Weight Problem
Weight can actually affect conception. Underweight or overweight individuals find it pretty difficult to get pregnant. “An undernourished body can cause a change in ovulation and alter ovulation.” Says Bitidis. “In the same vein, too much weight can have a great effect on fertility.”
“Just being over your ideal weight decreases your chance of getting pregnant even if you are ovulating regularly.” Says Karnis. “The further you stay above 25 on the Body Mass Index, the worse it gets,” Bitidis adds that maintaining a healthy diet and developing a reasonable exercise routine will do wonders for both your mind and body.

5. Bio-Feedback
Planning for pregnancy in a year’s time might be a good decision if you’re preparing to raise a family soon. It could help you adjust your lifestyle. If you want to try it out now, note that it can take time. Experts say it takes up to a year to get pregnant, but If you are worried that it’s been long enough, speak to your healthcare personnel about your alternatives, for fertility counseling and treatment.
There are people who struggled and battled with pregnancy, but they eventually conceived when they calmed down and allowed it to come on its thought. Just have a positive thought, relax, and conception will take place. Most times pregnancy occurs when you least expect it, be sure to worry less.
If you want to have sex, do it right and the right number of times. Dr. Curtis recommends having intercourse every day or every other day during your most fertile period. Try to know your most fertile period and stick to it, more than that could exhaust your spouse’s sperm count. Less than that and you may miss that crucial fertility timing.

6. You Are Too Preoccupied
No matter what you do, pregnancy cannot be planned. Lots of women take about six months or more to have a regular cycle after they quit contraceptives. Ovulation would likely not take place until the cycle is normal or regular.
Pro Tip: Take some months to study and monitor your cycle, and note your ovulation. If there’s no ovulation, then seek medical attention. Conception becomes easier when you know your cycle.

ALSO, READ Ovulation Symptoms: 7 Signs of Ovulation

7. You Depend On the “Good Enough” Idea.
Thinking you are “good enough” will not help you get pregnant.
Can you monitor and understand your ovulation? It will be difficult to conceive if you can’t because some women have their ovulation in their mid-cycle. Cycles are peculiar to every woman. Some have 21 days, 28 days, and others as far as 31.

A lot of women ovulate 14 days before their periods, for instance, if you have a 24-day cycle, ovulation would be within day 10. If you have irregular periods or you can’t remember the last time you menstruated, this info can be quite confusing for you.
Another regular mistake is not counting from the first day of your cycle. The first day of menstruation is the day you start bleeding –not the second or previous day. Fertility can come down to hours, you should know the accurate timing of your cycle.
Dr. Curtis suggests using ovulation predictor kits, available over the counter. Keeping a calendar to track your cycle can be helpful. Using an online ovulation predictor or a mobile phone app works too.

8. Turning Blind Eyes to Your Worries
Settle down and resolve any health challenge before you try to conceive. You might be concerned about your constant irregular cycle or ovulation issues. You may have diabetes or other health challenges. It’s ok to be worried, more importantly, don’t try to ignore those worries. You should put everything in check before trying to get pregnant. Seek medical attention from your doctor.

9. Keeping an Unhealthy Lifestyle
A lot of women expose themselves to risk factors, especially ones that promote infertility; alcohol, smoke, drugs. The early stage of pregnancy is a very sensitive period of foetus development and you have to be mindful of what you consume. When it comes to alcohol, smoking and drugs behave as if you are already pregnant, because they are dangerous for you and impede conception.

10. Anovulation
Conception needs a sperm and an egg; If you don’t ovulate you can’t conceive. Anovulation is always an issue for conception, it can be stimulated by changes, conditions, and hormones.
Posterior Capsular Opacifations (PCOs) is one cause of anovulation. Others could be underweight or overweight, thyroid dysfunction, primary ovarian insufficiency, excessive exercise, and hyperprolactinemia.
Many women suffering from ovulation problems always have an irregular cycle. Nevertheless, a regular period does not guarantee ovulation. If you are having irregular cycles, see a doctor immediately for medical advice.

11. Too Quick to Move Out
There is a scientific and anecdotal backing here. You do not need to rush to the bathroom to wash off or douche; it’s better to lie flat on the bed, hips elevated, within 20 to 30 minutes after sexual intercourse to allow the sperm to go in well. This can be a remedy to about 80% of infertility issues.
Although douching might seem like a natural next level in your pregnancy making procedure, it’s obviously not nice. Douches can act as a spermicide, changing the PH of your vagina. “This has been shown to impair fertility,” Dr. Curtis says.

12. You Are Not Trying Long Enough
The question of how long have you tried, maybe a factor. For some, conception comes easy, but most women don’t conceive as easy as it is pronounced — it may take a longer process before conception can occur. You might want to check how long and consistent you have been. It could be that you really have not done much.
Close to 80% of women conceive after 6 months of trying, about 90% get pregnant in 12 months of trying to conceive. This can occur if you have a well-timed and planned intercourse monthly.

13. Your Man Is the Problem
Women are to conceive but it takes two to make it work, yeah? 20 or 30% of couples having fertility problems, notice fertility issues in the man, while 40% discover infertility in both couples.
One Important thing to note is that male infertility is usually asymptomatic; they rarely show symptoms of any underlying conditions. Without analyzing the semen, a test that checks or measures the quality and quantity of semen and sperm, one would not know there’s a problem. If you are seeing a doctor, make sure the both of you are properly tested.

14. Age-Related Infertility
Age affects fertility too. For women above 35 and men above 40, it could take a longer time to conceive. Some think having regular and normal cycles means they are safe, but it’s far from the truth. Your age affects egg quality and quantity.

15. Underlying Medical Problems
Some underlying medical conditions. For instance, undiagnosed diabetes, hormonal changes or imbalance, or a thyroid imbalance could cause infertility. When it’s not properly comprehended, depression is likely to occur in infertility. Autoimmune diseases, like undiagnosed sexually-transmitted infections and lupus, can lead to infertility.

Prolonged Untreated Infection
Infection is also one of the major causes of infertility. A prolonged infection destroys the endometrium and fallopian tubes, reducing your chances of conceiving. It affects both the man and the woman. In cases like this, early diagnosis and treatment help to prevent further damage and infertility.

• Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Ovulatory issues account for almost 25% of infertility in women. Others can be issues with uterine structural problems or endometriosis and blocked fallopian tubes.

The fallopian tubes happen to be the footpath between the uterus and ovaries. The fallopian tubes do not connect to the ovaries directly. The Sperm must swim up from the cervix, through the uterus, and then into the fallopian tubes.

When an egg is released from the ovaries, hair-like projections from the fallopian tube go close to the egg internally. Conception occurs in the fallopian tube, where the egg and sperm finally meet. If something stops the fallopian tubes from functioning very well, hindering the sperm and egg from meeting, you can’t conceive.

There are so many causes of blocked fallopian tubes. Most women with blocked fallopian tubes have pains in the pelvic region, others do not have or rarely have symptoms. Only fertility tests can ascertain for blocked fallopian tubes. An HSG is a special type of X-ray used to check if the fallopian tubes are opened. It can be requested by your Obstetrician or Gynecologist (OB/GYN).

• You Have Endometriosis
Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium-like tissue (a mucus membrane that lines the uterus) is found in other places outside the uterus. It has been evaluated that 59% of women with this medical condition will find it difficult to conceive.
The commonest symptoms of endometriosis are pelvic pains (besides menstruation), and painful period. Nevertheless, not all women that experience this majority discover it during their infertility checkup.

16. No Testing or Treatment
Most couples with infertility issues, delay testing and treatment. The majority sit back and wait for miracles to occur. This is a mistake because most causes of infertility worsen as the undiagnosed disease progresses. The earlier you discover the cause, the easier for fertility treatment to work for you and for you to conceive. If you have been trying to get pregnant for a year, please seek medical attention.

17. Unexplained Infertility
About 10 to 20% of couples find no cause for their infertility. Some doctors would attribute this to a lack of proper diagnosis. To them, there is no such thing as “unexplained” infertility.
The truth is, even if there is no explanation for your infertility, you should still take medication to boost your fertility rate and avoid things that could expose you to infertility.

18. You’re Blaming Yourself
When infertility issues surface, we normally ask if the woman is the cause. According to Dr. Curtis, “cases of infertility are about 40 percent male, 40 percent female, and 20 percent a combination of both partners.”
Often the expectant woman runs to see her doctor for medical diagnosis, which is the wrong ¬– diagnosis should be done on both couples. The truth is it takes a healthy couple an average of 6 months to one year before conception can take place.

MEDICAL REFERENCE

  1. https://www.todaysparent.com/getting-pregnant/5-reasons-youre-not-getting-pregnant/
  2. https://www.parents.com/getting-pregnant/trying-to-conceive/get-pregnant-fertility-help/

ALSO, READ 21 Useful Tips To Improve Your Chances Of Pregnancy






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Pregnancy

Online Ovulation Calculator & Calendar- Calculate your fertile window

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ovulation calculator




OVULATION CALCULATOR

Calculate ovulation

First day of your last period

Length of your cycle

ALSO, READ Ovulation Symptoms: 7 Signs of Ovulation






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