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Child's Health

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Signs, Diagnosis, and treatment





What is Autism spectrum disorder?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that is characterized by unusual kinds of behaviors, which are difficult in communication and social interaction in a repetitive or restricted manner.

People with ASD move, talk, learn, interacts with other people but in a different way. The severity of people having ASD differs because some needs lots of help in their daily life and vice versa. Research has shown that 1 in every 59 children is likely to be diagnosed with ASD, and it’s most common among boys. Also, people with autism need full-time care in a special facility.

Signs and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

People with ASD often have problems with communication, social and behavioral skills. They usually have this restricted or repetitive behavior. Some might repeat certain characters and not want to change. Signs of ASD usually begins at childhood and most times last throughout the person’s life. Some of the signs include;

They lose the skills they once had. For instance, it might be the popular words they like to say, they just suddenly stop it.
The way they taste, look, feel, sound, or touch things around them is always different.

They repeat actions over and over again, even when they are being advised to stop.
Having issues adapting when routine changes. For instance, if as a parent you packed out from a location to a new location, changing routine. A child with ASD would have issues with adapting to the environment.

They have problems in expressing their needs; Here, it is always difficult for them to speak with you using typical words or even use their emotions to talk to you. With the behavior of your kids, you might be able to tell that your child needs ice cream.

They tend to repeat or echo words severally, especially words said to them.
Many people diagnosed with ASD are usually interested in the affairs of people but they just find it difficult to open up or relate with them.

They always appear to be ignored when people talk to them.
In terms of cuddling, they always want to do it the way they prefer. That is when they want it, they don’t want anyone to dictate what happens to them that very moment.
They prefer not to be held or hugged
They are more like an introverted child; they tend to avoid eye contact and always want to be left alone.
They have this weird behavior especially when people are looking at an object, they don’t look at the objects especially when another person points at them.
Some children also experience seizures.
Difficulty in using and reading body language.
Difficulty in understanding social relationships
They talk in a robotic tone,
Having the habit of reversing words. For example, Instead of asking dad for coffee, they’ll rather say “you want coffee” instead of ‘ I want coffee”.
Also, in young lads, signs of autism may include ordering a toy, instead of playing with it.


For a proper diagnosis of autism, some of the above signs must have been displayed in his social, communication, and behavioral patterns. Diagnosing ASD in a child is quite difficult because it involves no medical test but an observation. A child may have this autism disability and even live with it throughout his life without any knowledge of it. It can only be diagnosed by a doctor when he looks at the child’s behavior and development.
It is very much easier to diagnose an adult having ASD disorder than a young kid. In the real sense, a professional can detect ASD especially when the child is from 18-24months.

In diagnosing an ASD Patient, the clinician will look for the underlying signs and symptoms of ASD which are; back-and-forth conversation, stereotyped movements, sensory problems (it could be from too much sensory input or little).

According to the new criteria, all the symptoms must be impairing and the clinician handling it must specify the weight of each of the symptoms on a three-tiered scale, and it should reflect the amount of support that the child would need.

Secondly, if the child shows all those signs, the clinician might decide to go for a more complete evaluation which includes hearing and vision tests, when doing this the doctor can decide to bring a child psychologist or a developmental pediatrician. Some psychologists can also give a test called “Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule” (ADOS).

It is also advised that even if you weren’t diagnosed with autism as a kid you can as well visit a doctor for counseling.
So if a child has this social and communication problem, without having restrictive and repetitive behaviors, he’ll be more likely to be diagnosed with a social communication disorder.

ALSO, READ  Why Many Autistic Girls Are Overlooked

Other Disorders Related to Autism

Epilepsy usually affects those diagnosed with autism especially when they reach adulthood. Allergies, sleep disorders, and digestive problems may arise too. Research has shown that most kids with ASD are more likely to be cognitively impaired.

Possible Risk Factors and Causes of Autism

Although all the causes of ASD have not been discovered though. However, factors like environmental, genetic, and biological factors are likely factors that can make a child have an ASD. Below are some of the possible causes of Autism;

A large number of scientists have agreed that genes are one of the risk factors that can make a person develop an ASD.
Taking of Valproic acid and thalidomide during pregnancy have been linked with a higher risk of Autism.
A child born to older parents.
People with certain hereditary or chromosomal conditions, for example, fragile X syndrome or tuberous sclerosis, can have a more prominent possibility of having ASD.
Note: some other risk factors associated with Autism spectrum disorder include low fetal exposure to valproate, low birth weight, and so on.

Treatment For Autism

Unlike malaria and other infection where you use drugs and injections that can tackle it, here there is no treatment. If you’re able to detect those signs early enough, you can intervene.

When you as a parent detect such behavior then you’d need a tailored behavioral therapy or an educational program that would help to tackle the issue at hand. The following therapy should be adopted.

1 Psychotherapy

ABA which is known to be the applied behavior analysis is widely accepted. The function of ABA is to help autistic kids develop needs skills and minimize undesired behavior eg, self-injury.

2. Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is also known as OT. It’s designed to help kids acquire the skills needed to perform their daily activities. Such as including fine and gross engine abilities, self-help skills.

Also using social stories can be helpful. As they are designed interactively and engagingly, to prepare children for social situations.

3. Pharmacological

There are no drugs to cure autism in children but some medications can be prescribed to relieve symptoms. For instance, medication can be prescribed to lessen anxiety and hyperactivity.

Other resources:
The Autism speaks 100-day kits help families of children aged 4 below to learn about autism and how to get treatment. The kit is also available in Spanish.

Medical Reference:

1.cdc.govWhat is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
2. childmind- Autism Spectrum Disorder Basics
3. WebMDAutism

ALSO, READ 12 Tips to help children escape the cycle of anxiety


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Child's Health

Wrestling Safety Tips for Teen





Wrestling is all about competing with your opponent to see who’s stronger and quicker. When the action starts, injuries are bound to occur. That’s why safety is very important so that injuries are mitigated.

In any Industry or sports activity, there are always rules/ safety precautions that would help you work efficiently without causing any damage to yourself.

Why is Safety During Wrestling Important?

Injuries associated with wrestling are bruises, bloody noses, and scrapes. Also, strains and sprains. Other serious injuries people get during wrestling include dislocation, shoulder separation, paetella dislocation, and prepatellar bursitis.

Other wrestling injuries include concussions, cauliflower ear- which is a condition in which some parts of the ear become swollen. They may also get friction, burns, and skin infections such as impetigo and ringworm, especially from a dirty mat.

There are 4 dangerous and risky ways some wrestlers  try to lose weight which are:

  1. Starve themselves: Starving yourself shouldn’t be adopted, instead of dying from starvation, why not take a small quantity of food?
  2. Take weight-loss pills
  3. They let themselves get dehydrated
  4. Exercise to the extreme.
  5. ALSO, READ 25 ways to make someone feel better


Safe Wrestling Gear

To reduce the risk of injuries, be sure  to have the right safety gear, including

Headgear:   Headgear is required for all wrestlers in middle school, high school, and college levels. Headgear is often referred to as “ear guards” because it has coated shells that go over the ears to help avoid damage to the ear and head. The headgear should fit properly and all straps should be secured.

Mouthguards:  Mouthguards are a cheap way to shield your teeth, lips, cheeks, and tongue. For wrestlers who have braces, mouthguards are required in several

Athletic support:  Guys should wear an athletic supporter and girls should wear a good sports bra while wrestling.

Kneepads: Some wrestlers wear knee pads on one or both of their knees. A knee that hits the mat over and over again can result in swelling. Padded kneepads can help prevent that. Another type of kneepad, called a shooting sleeve, has less padding and is designed to help knees slide across the mat to help prevent mat burns.

Shoes:  Wrestling shoes are flexible and light, but they should also have ankle protection and stamina on the mat. Be sure to choose the ones that match correctly and keep them tightly bound with the laces that are tucked in.

Safe Wrestling Training

Before beginning a training program, all wrestlers need to participate in a physical sport.(physical sports should be a backlink don’t you think) Many schools won’t let athletes compete unless they were part of a physical sport in the past year.

The health care professional will make sure there are no health problems and speak about the safety rules of the sports

  • Be in good condition until the start of the wrestling season.
  • Often warm-up and stretch before practice and matching.
  • Using the right technique.
  • Stop training if you experience pain or hurt. Check with your athletic trainer, coach, doctor, or nurse before you head back to your school.
  • Take part in various sports during the year to avoid overuse injuries.

Wrestlers who are attempting to gain or lose weight should work with a coach, athletic trainer, or nutritionist to do so safely. It’s never healthy for anyone to starve themselves, workout to the limit, take weight-loss drugs, or get dehydrated intentionally.

Safe Play

Other safety tips:

After each match or practice, wrestling mats should be cleaned with a disinfectant cleaner. This helps to avoid skin infections, such as impetigo or ringworm.

Wrestlers should know and follow the rules of the game.

Teams should have a first-aid kit ready for both training and matches.

Wrestlers should remain hydrated by drinking plenty of water before, during and after practice and match.


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Child's Health

Why Many Autistic Girls Are Overlooked



autistic gilrs


According to the latest research from the centers for Disease Control, out of 5 persons with an autistic trait, you’d get 4 males and a female. Autistic girls are being termed “hiding in plain sight” or “lost girls”  because they are diagnosed late or have been overlooked.

In diagnosing an autistic girl, the symptoms are mostly misinterpreted because they may not fit the stereotypes. Many of them having ASD usually has hidden signs which may confuse you especially when they are young.

The Overall ratio of male to female having ASD is about 4:1, but if there is an additional intellectual disability, the ratio drops to 2:1. Also among high-functioning kids, the ratio is 9:1.

QUOTES=“Females are the orphans of the autism world.”

5 Reasons Why Many Autistic Girls Are Overlooked

1.      misdiagnoses

According to Dr. Epstein, he said that girls struggling with undiagnosed autism most times develop anxiety, depression, or poor self-esteem and most psychologist may not dig deep to see the social dysfunction that is caused by autism.

Dr. Nash also added that these girls can also be misdiagnosed with ADHD He also said that a lot of girls who are diagnosed with ADHD, may actually meet the criteria for autism but because of the hyperactivity of a child without much social impairment, autism may be missed”.

2. Autistic girls “pass”… at least for a while

Another reason why autism in girls is really overlooked is that “girls tend to get by”  -Dr. Epstein. So, it means that they’re able to pass!!  Many autistic girls may not be so brilliant but they’ll just play along and imitate what they see. They may have been scaling through their third or fifth grade but it would show as a problem when they get to high school.

3. Autistic girls don’t fit the “model”.

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that is accompanied by deficits in communication and social skills, repetitive or restricted behaviors.

According to  Susan F. Epstein, Ph.D., a clinical neuropsychologist. She said that autism diagnosis has turned out to be a male model (since it’s common among males).

The reason for this is because girls always have a  more quiet presentation of autism and also may not show much restricted or repetitive behavior.

According to a 2005 Study at Stanford University, autistic girls exhibit less restricted and repetitive behavior than boys do.  Also wendy Nash, MD a child psychiatrist at the child Mind institute, also added that girls are more likely to coordinate their behavior in public, so in this case, the teachers may not catch any difference.

Also, A Neurodevelopmental Specialist named Hannah Hayward says that women are often adept at masking traits that are typically connected with ASD.

4. The Great Pretenders

Another factor that leads to lower ASD diagnosis in females is because they mask their own less socially desirable behaviors.

For example, a 2016 study of playground behavior published in the journal of child psychiatry and psychology found that guys are rejected outrightly by their peers, and the girls are neither accepted nor rejected. No matter how bad a beautiful girl’s character maybe, people would always want to cope. The funny part is that if you really pay attention while she’s playing with her friends, you’ll notice that she not actually playing with them but herself.

So there is always social camouflaging with ladies having ASD because they want to fit,.

5.The Cost of A Missed diagnosis( What of The effects of misdiagnosis)

Dr. Epstein says that undiagnosed autistic girls would probably end up with “what’s wrong with him”, and this can lead to anxiety, depression, and loss of self-esteem.

Dr. Nash says less severe autism in girls is often first flagged because of the depression they generate or social issues.  One effect of a missed diagnosis is that the child will suffer from depression or poor school performance. Dr. Nash also says “Depression can be more common among high-functioning kids on the spectrum.

When autistic girls are discovered late, they’ll miss out on early support for skill-building. Helping a child build good social skills at an early age Is easier but quite difficult when the child is older, this is one of the dangers for anybody who gets a late diagnosis.

ALSO, READ Autism Spectrum Disorder: Signs, Diagnosis, and treatment


1, Childmind- Autistic girls

2.Clinical Autistic girls


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Child's Health

9 Powerful Tips to Handle Your Child’s Bedwetting




Bedwetting can be seen as the loss of bladder control when sleeping. Over 50% of children experience bedwetting and research has shown that About 2% of adults experience bedwetting. When a child wets the bed, it is really annoying at times especially when he pees on the new chair you bought in your sitting room. The real deal here is that you want to help him outgrow it. Some kids stop bedwetting at a very early age while some may take time. Many families even experience their 10year old daughter still bedwetting.

 9 WAYS   to stop bedwetting in kids

1.Dont blame.
Cleaning the bed often times can really be annoying when your child does it again and again. Whenever your child does this, don’t attack them or direct your ill feelings towards them. When you do that, it will make them feel anxious and bad about wetting the bed despite the fact that they didn’t do it on purpose. Not blaming them doesn’t mean you should praise them; the whole point here is to stop putting the blame on them.

2.Provide Perspective
Your Perspective has to do with the way you see things.. You can start by letting them know that bedwetting is a stage every child passes before becoming a full-grown adult, and also tell them that you also passed through that phase as a kid. When you do it this way, they will know that it is actually a problem and that they will surpass it with time.

3. Adopt using the Bathroom before going to bed
This method is very important, if you have 3 kids who are less than 12, you should make this a compulsory task before sleeping. Not doing this will increase the rate at which your child wets the bed. Using the bathroom helps to empty their bladder before going to sleep. If peradventure you forget to do this you can wake them sharply to pee..
You’ll discover that when you start adopting this method, the rate at which your child wets the bed will reduce. The only time the bed-wetting may increase is when they take lots of water before sleeping.

4. Try adopting a Bedwetting Alarm
The reason why so many kids wet the bed is because they haven’t started getting body alerts telling them that their bladders are full. If your child sleeps at 9 pm, you can set the bedwetting alarm at 1.00 am in the morning. When you start doing this, they would start getting used to it.

ALSO, READ 14 Tips for Raising Confident Kids

5. Always tell your child that you’d help them in the night if they desire to pee.
Kids are always afraid of the dark, keeping them far away from you while sleeping may give them no choice but to pee on the bed. After cultivating the habit in point No 4, they may start waking you up at night saying …’ mom, I want to wee’..

6. Change how they Drink


Change how they drink water

Allowing your child to drink water all day is very important because it keeps them hydrated. Medically, If you drink water after eating, it practically takes 120minutes for the water to digest properly. The best way to tackle bedwetting is to encourage water intake more during the day so that at night they can take less water. Be disciplined in whatever you do.

7.No caffeine
Caffeine has been known to speed up the pee-making process. It is wise to keep the kids from taking drinks with caffeine content, iced tea, and cola.

8. Giving prizes..
This may sound funny to you. Giving prizes?? Giving an award for no peeing ?? this works if you have up to 3 kids who are young and still pee at night. You can make a deal with the 3 of them and say anyone who doesn’t pee for 1 or 2 weeks will be rewarded with ______. This would give them a sense of responsibility to become smarter than before. When you do this, they may start waking up at night to pee by themselves in order to win the prize.

9. Protect the mattress with a waterproof cover

Consider using waterproof if the bedwetting is getting out of hand…

Relationship seeds medical Reference
National Kidney Foundation: “Questions kids ask.”
American Academy of Pediatrics: “Waking up dry: Helping your child overcome bedwetting.”
University of California San Francisco Benioff’s Children’s Hospital: “Bedwetting Treatment.”
American Academy of Family Physicians: “Enuresis (bed-wetting).”
Nemours Foundation: “Bedwetting (Nocturnal enuresis).”
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, “Bedwetting.”


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