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Child's Health




child protection


In this article, we would be brainstorming so many things about child protection that every parent needs to know.

10 Things Society should Know.

  1. All children have a right to information suitable to their age, to be heard, and to participate in making decisions that concerns them. In cases where they are too young to participate in such decision making, they should be informed about major decisions taken over them and the implications.
  2. They should have the right to be heard and freedom of thought. Listen to children. Children always have something to say, don’t mute them, rather give them a listening ear. They have the right to express themselves.
  3. Girls and boys are exposed to trafficking when parent’s or guardian’s protection for them is weak. Guardians should be very sensitive about the environment that their children reside in and establish protective systems to ensure the safety of their ward. Also, the child should be educated on how to protect him/herself from traffickers and kidnappers.
  4. Children (both male and female) should be protected from exposure to sexual abuse and exploitation in the school, home, workplace, or community. Ensure that the environment is safe for your child. Teach them about their sexual rights and body privacy.
  5. Work at home should not prevent children from attending school. Do not overload your children with work or involve them in any form of task that can hamper with their education.
  6. Children must be protected from all work that is dangerous and risky. Keep the home and playground safe for children.
  7. Boys And girls must be protected from all forms of violence and abuse. Keep your children away from violent and abusive persons, places, or movies.
  8. It is the right of every child to grow up in a family. Every child deserves the warmth of a home and should not be isolated.

9. Every child has a right to a name and nationality and should be registered at birth.

  1. Every child has a right to healthcare. Take the health of a child as serious as yours.

…Children grow best in a loving family environment in which their best interests are always taken care of. If a child is not living with a parent or other caregiver, effort should be made to reunite the child to his own family or extended family or a foster family. Family provides warmth and the best atmosphere for a child to live in.

…Birth registration provides an official record that the child exists as a citizen. A child without a birth certificate can be denied access to health care, legal services and school enrollment.

…Boys and girls can happen to experience different forms of abuse, violence and/or harmful practices in many settings (family, school and community). The society reduces in safety every day.

  • Physical violence
  • Psychological /emotional violence
  • sexual, gender-based violence and abuse –
  • neglect and abandonment
  • child marriage
  • harmful traditional practices, such as female genital cutting (circumcision)

…In care and justice institutions (e.g. orphanages children’s homes and detention facilities) physical and psychological violence under the guise of discipline, neglect, child-to-child violence, sexual abuse, and violence.

…Children who are victims of violence often remain silent out of fear, shame, or stigma. Many accept it as part of life. While some violence is perpetrated by strangers, most are carried out by people children know and trust. These may include parents, step-parents, relatives, caregivers, boyfriends and girlfriends schoolmates, teachers, religious leaders, and employers.

… Children have a tender and frail body frame. Hence, they should be protected from every harmful task that has the ability to disable, deforming, or causing serious injuries to them. Giving a child a task or punishment injurious to his/her health is called child abuse. There are some tasks that are tagged child abuse and underage by law, e.g street hawking.


Community intervention should include some key actions such as:

…Develop and communicate codes of conduct against all forms of violence in areas where children live go to school and play. Educate parents and caregivers to respect the child’s views and opinions and learn not to discipline them where angry.

…Support schools to encourage attitudes that reject violence and promote the peaceful resolution of conflicts. Sponsor public campaigns to stop physical punishment, abuse, and harmful practices.

…Provide children affected by violence with health and social services and reunite them with their families and communities.

…Provide means for children to report violence against them, using a telephone (hotlines) or accessible social protection centers.


“The government and local authorities, with support from families and civil society, should develop measures to address child labor, such as: Identifying and communicating to the general public the different forms of child labor found in the community.

…Identifying and saving children from child labor, child trafficking, and child abuse. Educate their parents and reunite them with their families and communities.

…Ensure that all children in the community attend a school. Education is also the right of every human and child. The government should provide free education for the disadvantaged set of kids.

… Children’s health is and should be a priority for every guardian. As tender as they are, that’s how tender their immune need is. They need protection from communicable diseases. Some children may be infected with sexually transmitted infections including HIV.

…Girls may face the risk of early and unwanted/unintended pregnancies that endanger their lives and can subject them to stigma and discrimination. Children can begin to learn early what constitutes “good touch” and “bad touch” and should be taught to report any bad touch to a trusted adult.


Governments can support local authorities and civil society to:

Provide social services as needed to help parents take care of their children.


Address and prevent domestic violence. Treat children as victims of crime and not as criminals.


Make and enforce laws that prosecute traffickers.

Ensure environmental safety for their children.


Community service and counseling help to protect the rights of children and make them useful members of the society. Youngsters in detention for the most part generally need a social protection response, not a judicial one.

Young children should not be given corporal punishment. If they must be punished, let it be light punishment that won’t cause any injury to their body.

Children are tender, hence tender care must be given to them at all times, irrespective of the situation and circumstance. They are the responsibility of the society and the government. Treat them right.

CLICK HERE TO READ, Making time for your KIDS

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Child's Health

Wrestling Safety Tips for Teen





Wrestling is all about competing with your opponent to see who’s stronger and quicker. When the action starts, injuries are bound to occur. That’s why safety is very important so that injuries are mitigated.

In any Industry or sports activity, there are always rules/ safety precautions that would help you work efficiently without causing any damage to yourself.

Why is Safety During Wrestling Important?

Injuries associated with wrestling are bruises, bloody noses, and scrapes. Also, strains and sprains. Other serious injuries people get during wrestling include dislocation, shoulder separation, paetella dislocation, and prepatellar bursitis.

Other wrestling injuries include concussions, cauliflower ear- which is a condition in which some parts of the ear become swollen. They may also get friction, burns, and skin infections such as impetigo and ringworm, especially from a dirty mat.

There are 4 dangerous and risky ways some wrestlers  try to lose weight which are:

  1. Starve themselves: Starving yourself shouldn’t be adopted, instead of dying from starvation, why not take a small quantity of food?
  2. Take weight-loss pills
  3. They let themselves get dehydrated
  4. Exercise to the extreme.
  5. ALSO, READ 25 ways to make someone feel better


Safe Wrestling Gear

To reduce the risk of injuries, be sure  to have the right safety gear, including

Headgear:   Headgear is required for all wrestlers in middle school, high school, and college levels. Headgear is often referred to as “ear guards” because it has coated shells that go over the ears to help avoid damage to the ear and head. The headgear should fit properly and all straps should be secured.

Mouthguards:  Mouthguards are a cheap way to shield your teeth, lips, cheeks, and tongue. For wrestlers who have braces, mouthguards are required in several

Athletic support:  Guys should wear an athletic supporter and girls should wear a good sports bra while wrestling.

Kneepads: Some wrestlers wear knee pads on one or both of their knees. A knee that hits the mat over and over again can result in swelling. Padded kneepads can help prevent that. Another type of kneepad, called a shooting sleeve, has less padding and is designed to help knees slide across the mat to help prevent mat burns.

Shoes:  Wrestling shoes are flexible and light, but they should also have ankle protection and stamina on the mat. Be sure to choose the ones that match correctly and keep them tightly bound with the laces that are tucked in.

Safe Wrestling Training

Before beginning a training program, all wrestlers need to participate in a physical sport.(physical sports should be a backlink don’t you think) Many schools won’t let athletes compete unless they were part of a physical sport in the past year.

The health care professional will make sure there are no health problems and speak about the safety rules of the sports

  • Be in good condition until the start of the wrestling season.
  • Often warm-up and stretch before practice and matching.
  • Using the right technique.
  • Stop training if you experience pain or hurt. Check with your athletic trainer, coach, doctor, or nurse before you head back to your school.
  • Take part in various sports during the year to avoid overuse injuries.

Wrestlers who are attempting to gain or lose weight should work with a coach, athletic trainer, or nutritionist to do so safely. It’s never healthy for anyone to starve themselves, workout to the limit, take weight-loss drugs, or get dehydrated intentionally.

Safe Play

Other safety tips:

After each match or practice, wrestling mats should be cleaned with a disinfectant cleaner. This helps to avoid skin infections, such as impetigo or ringworm.

Wrestlers should know and follow the rules of the game.

Teams should have a first-aid kit ready for both training and matches.

Wrestlers should remain hydrated by drinking plenty of water before, during and after practice and match.


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Child's Health

Why Many Autistic Girls Are Overlooked



autistic gilrs


According to the latest research from the centers for Disease Control, out of 5 persons with an autistic trait, you’d get 4 males and a female. Autistic girls are being termed “hiding in plain sight” or “lost girls”  because they are diagnosed late or have been overlooked.

In diagnosing an autistic girl, the symptoms are mostly misinterpreted because they may not fit the stereotypes. Many of them having ASD usually has hidden signs which may confuse you especially when they are young.

The Overall ratio of male to female having ASD is about 4:1, but if there is an additional intellectual disability, the ratio drops to 2:1. Also among high-functioning kids, the ratio is 9:1.

QUOTES=“Females are the orphans of the autism world.”

5 Reasons Why Many Autistic Girls Are Overlooked

1.      misdiagnoses

According to Dr. Epstein, he said that girls struggling with undiagnosed autism most times develop anxiety, depression, or poor self-esteem and most psychologist may not dig deep to see the social dysfunction that is caused by autism.

Dr. Nash also added that these girls can also be misdiagnosed with ADHD He also said that a lot of girls who are diagnosed with ADHD, may actually meet the criteria for autism but because of the hyperactivity of a child without much social impairment, autism may be missed”.

2. Autistic girls “pass”… at least for a while

Another reason why autism in girls is really overlooked is that “girls tend to get by”  -Dr. Epstein. So, it means that they’re able to pass!!  Many autistic girls may not be so brilliant but they’ll just play along and imitate what they see. They may have been scaling through their third or fifth grade but it would show as a problem when they get to high school.

3. Autistic girls don’t fit the “model”.

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that is accompanied by deficits in communication and social skills, repetitive or restricted behaviors.

According to  Susan F. Epstein, Ph.D., a clinical neuropsychologist. She said that autism diagnosis has turned out to be a male model (since it’s common among males).

The reason for this is because girls always have a  more quiet presentation of autism and also may not show much restricted or repetitive behavior.

According to a 2005 Study at Stanford University, autistic girls exhibit less restricted and repetitive behavior than boys do.  Also wendy Nash, MD a child psychiatrist at the child Mind institute, also added that girls are more likely to coordinate their behavior in public, so in this case, the teachers may not catch any difference.

Also, A Neurodevelopmental Specialist named Hannah Hayward says that women are often adept at masking traits that are typically connected with ASD.

4. The Great Pretenders

Another factor that leads to lower ASD diagnosis in females is because they mask their own less socially desirable behaviors.

For example, a 2016 study of playground behavior published in the journal of child psychiatry and psychology found that guys are rejected outrightly by their peers, and the girls are neither accepted nor rejected. No matter how bad a beautiful girl’s character maybe, people would always want to cope. The funny part is that if you really pay attention while she’s playing with her friends, you’ll notice that she not actually playing with them but herself.

So there is always social camouflaging with ladies having ASD because they want to fit,.

5.The Cost of A Missed diagnosis( What of The effects of misdiagnosis)

Dr. Epstein says that undiagnosed autistic girls would probably end up with “what’s wrong with him”, and this can lead to anxiety, depression, and loss of self-esteem.

Dr. Nash says less severe autism in girls is often first flagged because of the depression they generate or social issues.  One effect of a missed diagnosis is that the child will suffer from depression or poor school performance. Dr. Nash also says “Depression can be more common among high-functioning kids on the spectrum.

When autistic girls are discovered late, they’ll miss out on early support for skill-building. Helping a child build good social skills at an early age Is easier but quite difficult when the child is older, this is one of the dangers for anybody who gets a late diagnosis.

ALSO, READ Autism Spectrum Disorder: Signs, Diagnosis, and treatment


1, Childmind- Autistic girls

2.Clinical Autistic girls


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Child's Health

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Signs, Diagnosis, and treatment





What is Autism spectrum disorder?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that is characterized by unusual kinds of behaviors, which are difficult in communication and social interaction in a repetitive or restricted manner.

People with ASD move, talk, learn, interacts with other people but in a different way. The severity of people having ASD differs because some needs lots of help in their daily life and vice versa. Research has shown that 1 in every 59 children is likely to be diagnosed with ASD, and it’s most common among boys. Also, people with autism need full-time care in a special facility.

Signs and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

People with ASD often have problems with communication, social and behavioral skills. They usually have this restricted or repetitive behavior. Some might repeat certain characters and not want to change. Signs of ASD usually begins at childhood and most times last throughout the person’s life. Some of the signs include;

They lose the skills they once had. For instance, it might be the popular words they like to say, they just suddenly stop it.
The way they taste, look, feel, sound, or touch things around them is always different.

They repeat actions over and over again, even when they are being advised to stop.
Having issues adapting when routine changes. For instance, if as a parent you packed out from a location to a new location, changing routine. A child with ASD would have issues with adapting to the environment.

They have problems in expressing their needs; Here, it is always difficult for them to speak with you using typical words or even use their emotions to talk to you. With the behavior of your kids, you might be able to tell that your child needs ice cream.

They tend to repeat or echo words severally, especially words said to them.
Many people diagnosed with ASD are usually interested in the affairs of people but they just find it difficult to open up or relate with them.

They always appear to be ignored when people talk to them.
In terms of cuddling, they always want to do it the way they prefer. That is when they want it, they don’t want anyone to dictate what happens to them that very moment.
They prefer not to be held or hugged
They are more like an introverted child; they tend to avoid eye contact and always want to be left alone.
They have this weird behavior especially when people are looking at an object, they don’t look at the objects especially when another person points at them.
Some children also experience seizures.
Difficulty in using and reading body language.
Difficulty in understanding social relationships
They talk in a robotic tone,
Having the habit of reversing words. For example, Instead of asking dad for coffee, they’ll rather say “you want coffee” instead of ‘ I want coffee”.
Also, in young lads, signs of autism may include ordering a toy, instead of playing with it.


For a proper diagnosis of autism, some of the above signs must have been displayed in his social, communication, and behavioral patterns. Diagnosing ASD in a child is quite difficult because it involves no medical test but an observation. A child may have this autism disability and even live with it throughout his life without any knowledge of it. It can only be diagnosed by a doctor when he looks at the child’s behavior and development.
It is very much easier to diagnose an adult having ASD disorder than a young kid. In the real sense, a professional can detect ASD especially when the child is from 18-24months.

In diagnosing an ASD Patient, the clinician will look for the underlying signs and symptoms of ASD which are; back-and-forth conversation, stereotyped movements, sensory problems (it could be from too much sensory input or little).

According to the new criteria, all the symptoms must be impairing and the clinician handling it must specify the weight of each of the symptoms on a three-tiered scale, and it should reflect the amount of support that the child would need.

Secondly, if the child shows all those signs, the clinician might decide to go for a more complete evaluation which includes hearing and vision tests, when doing this the doctor can decide to bring a child psychologist or a developmental pediatrician. Some psychologists can also give a test called “Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule” (ADOS).

It is also advised that even if you weren’t diagnosed with autism as a kid you can as well visit a doctor for counseling.
So if a child has this social and communication problem, without having restrictive and repetitive behaviors, he’ll be more likely to be diagnosed with a social communication disorder.

ALSO, READ  Why Many Autistic Girls Are Overlooked

Other Disorders Related to Autism

Epilepsy usually affects those diagnosed with autism especially when they reach adulthood. Allergies, sleep disorders, and digestive problems may arise too. Research has shown that most kids with ASD are more likely to be cognitively impaired.

Possible Risk Factors and Causes of Autism

Although all the causes of ASD have not been discovered though. However, factors like environmental, genetic, and biological factors are likely factors that can make a child have an ASD. Below are some of the possible causes of Autism;

A large number of scientists have agreed that genes are one of the risk factors that can make a person develop an ASD.
Taking of Valproic acid and thalidomide during pregnancy have been linked with a higher risk of Autism.
A child born to older parents.
People with certain hereditary or chromosomal conditions, for example, fragile X syndrome or tuberous sclerosis, can have a more prominent possibility of having ASD.
Note: some other risk factors associated with Autism spectrum disorder include low fetal exposure to valproate, low birth weight, and so on.

Treatment For Autism

Unlike malaria and other infection where you use drugs and injections that can tackle it, here there is no treatment. If you’re able to detect those signs early enough, you can intervene.

When you as a parent detect such behavior then you’d need a tailored behavioral therapy or an educational program that would help to tackle the issue at hand. The following therapy should be adopted.

1 Psychotherapy

ABA which is known to be the applied behavior analysis is widely accepted. The function of ABA is to help autistic kids develop needs skills and minimize undesired behavior eg, self-injury.

2. Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is also known as OT. It’s designed to help kids acquire the skills needed to perform their daily activities. Such as including fine and gross engine abilities, self-help skills.

Also using social stories can be helpful. As they are designed interactively and engagingly, to prepare children for social situations.

3. Pharmacological

There are no drugs to cure autism in children but some medications can be prescribed to relieve symptoms. For instance, medication can be prescribed to lessen anxiety and hyperactivity.

Other resources:
The Autism speaks 100-day kits help families of children aged 4 below to learn about autism and how to get treatment. The kit is also available in Spanish.

Medical Reference:

1.cdc.govWhat is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
2. childmind- Autism Spectrum Disorder Basics
3. WebMDAutism

ALSO, READ 12 Tips to help children escape the cycle of anxiety


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