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Major differences between first and second pregnancies

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PIC OF A PREGNANT WOMAN

 

A lot of people have asked and lots of people are still asking if there is any difference between first and second pregnancies. Here is your answer: yes there are plenty of differences between both pregnancies.

How a Second Pregnancy May Be Different From the First (10 POINTS)

1. You will notice your pregnancy sooner:

During your second pregnancy, you are bound to recognize the symptoms sooner. Seeing as you have gone through the whole pregnancy thing before, you are more familiar with the symptoms (like aversion to certain foods, tender and swollen breasts, morning sickness, etc). When you start experiencing these symptoms again, you can easily conclude that you are pregnant, rather than doubt as you had during your first pregnancy.

2. You will certainly feel a lot more tired:

It won’t take rocket science to understand this. You are already caring out mummy duties to your first child, in addition to taking care of the home plus your work (for the working class moms), tiredness could legitly become your middle name. If you could get any family member or even a friend to assist you during this period would be a huge plus. This is the reason why it’s very good to give a birthing interval of at least 3 years so that the first child will assist you in carrying out some simple duties around the house(like picking up their toys after playing, eating on their own)

3. The pregnancy will show earlier than the first:

your abdominal and uterine muscles have been stretched by your first pregnancy. These muscles are now looser and won’t be as firm as they were before you first became pregnant, this will make your baby bump show much sooner during your second pregnancy, than with the first one.

Because your abdominal muscles are loose and the added fact that your second baby might be bigger than your first baby, you might carry lower (that is your baby bump will be lower or much closer to your thighs). This might also cause you to feel back pains earlier than you did during your first pregnancy. To ease these back pains, try wearing low heeled shoes, avoid lifting heavy objects, sleep on your sides with a pillow between your knees to support your back.

low heeled shoes

low heeled shoes

 

4. You will wear it better:

with your second pregnancy, you might prefer the comfort that comes with wearing free and easy maternity clothes. Meanwhile, during the first pregnancy, you might have worn cute T–shirts with beautiful prints like “New Mummy”, ”Mum to be” on them. And maybe also wore fitting clothes that showed off your baby bump, before you switched to proper maternity clothing. Your baby bump will also look more natural on you and fit you more.

5. Planning for the baby’s arrival:

during the period of your first pregnancy, you almost start preparing for the baby’s arrival from the moment you confirm your pregnancy. From spending hundreds and hundreds of hours decorating the nursery, to shopping for furniture, clothes, toys (even though they can’t use it yet) to buying all sorts of silly things in anticipation of the baby’s arrival.

While with your second pregnancy, although you are also excited and anticipating their arrival, you won’t go crazy shopping as you did during the first pregnancy. Your second child will mostly get the hand–me–downs of your first child. Especially furniture (speaking of reusing baby furniture, I could probably use my family as an example, a lot of things my siblings used as babies were things bought during my pregnancy as the first child) and probably clothes especially when they are both the same sex. Instead of spending a lot of time shopping for the baby as you did during your first pregnancy, you sort through the clothes your older child used as a baby and find clothes you can reuse.

ALSO, READ Exploring the different Baby Cries and their Meaning

6. Taking advice:

during your first pregnancy, you are willing to take advice from almost anyone. From your doctor to your mom to books on pregnancy and child birth, to anyone who has any experience in childbirth. But during the second pregnancy, you are now a kind of pro and you will probably go with your guts rather than consulting anyone or books except maybe your doctor for problems you can’t handle. You might also give out your books to other first time moms you may know or even donate them to charity.

7. Feeling scared:

feeling scared

we all know that raising kids is a tough job and feel scared almost all the time, that you are doing something wrong or you might do something wrong. This is true for raising all kids no matter how many kids you have. But it is more so with your first child.

From the time of the pregnancy you are being extremely careful about everything, from what you eat, to where you eat and you are scared of almost everything you do and its effect on the baby.
But this is not the case with your second pregnancy. Although you might still be a little bit scared about hurting your baby, you already know what works for and what doesn’t. So you generally avoid what doesn’t work.

Also, with the first pregnancy, you might be scared that you will do a bad job as a mom, or that you might do something to harm the child when it’s born. But during your second pregnancy, you don’t feel such fears as you are now more confident in your parenting skills.

Rather, you might have fears of how your older child will adjust to having a baby in the house. How they will feel knowing that they are no longer the sole focus of the house anymore, and the fact that they will have to share you with another person.

8. You might feel the baby kick sooner:

during the first pregnancy, you might remember those weird fluttery feelings you felt in your abdomen, that you were thinking was just gas? Well, now you are wiser and more knowledgeable in all things pregnancy to know that it’s the baby moving. Since you now know what to expect, you are likely to feel the baby moving from the fourth month during your second pregnancy.

9. You might experience shorter labor:

This is some kind of good news in the aspect of the amount of time you have to spend in the delivery room. Your labor for your second child might even be just half of the time you spent for your first child. This is due to the fact that your cervix is now less rigid, so you will be easily dilated and your vaginal tissues are more yielding to the pressure of the baby’s head easily. The baby just pops out without much stress and pains unlike during the labor of your first pregnancy.

10. You will find breastfeeding easier:

this can be attributed to the fact that you have breastfed a child before. You will have a better idea of what you are doing breastfeeding your second child than you did with your first child. Also, your mammary gland produces milk readily and easier than it did during your first time. You might also discover that during your second pregnancy, you are already producing milk before you even give birth.

11. Morning sickness:

during your first pregnancy, when you start feeling queasy, dizzy, and tired(morning sickness), you can take sick leave, go home take a warm bath and just go to bed with your partner massaging on your hands and feet. But it is not so with your second pregnancy, taking care of your first child is already a full-time job. And having to deal with morning sickness on top of that just plainly sucks. You only get to nap when your toddler naps and your partner may not have much time to dote on you as he did during your first pregnancy, as his free time may be spent trying to take care of the chores you were too tired to do, taking care of your older child so you could catch up with work or maybe rush to the market, or even for you to catch up with the girls.

Although no two pregnancies are the same, most of these differences still hold true. It might sound scary to try and juggle taking care of your family, going to work, and going through the hassles of pregnancy at the same time but girl you have got what it takes and you can do it. Through the pains and stress just imagine how you will feel when you have your child in your arms. The joy of watching your family grow and bear the stress.

ALSO, READ 14 Possible Benefits Of Drinking Coconut Water In Pregnancy

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Pregnancy

3 Professional Tips For Successful Pregnancy After Two Miscarriages

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a woman stained with blood after a miscarriage

 


Have you had several miscarriages, or you have lost hope of conceiving again, then this article will lighten you up, and help you get pregnant conveniently, and avoid frequent miscarriages.

Recurrent miscarriage can be your worst nightmare and experience, it invites fear, anxiety, and pains, but don’t give up on your motherhood dreams, the excitement that comes from being a mother has always been blissful. So cheer up because in this article you will find useful tips on how to plan a healthy pregnancy and stay safe without the fear of losing your baby.

ALSO, READ 18 REASONS YOU ARE NOT GETTING PREGNANT

COMMON CAUSES OF MISCARRIAGE


Miscarriage is the death of an embryo that occurs spontaneously before the 20th week of pregnancy. According to research, close to 10 to 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Chromosomal abnormality in the developing embryo is the commonest cause of miscarriage. Health conditions like uncontrolled diabetes or problems with the cervix or uterus can also cause miscarriage.
Miscarriage normally takes place once, and the majority easily conceive after it. A study shows that below 5% of women have two consecutive miscarriages, and only 1% of women have three or more consecutive miscarriages. It simply means that there is a high 75% chance to conceive again. After three miscarriages, there are still 65% chances of getting pregnant again without the fear of miscarriage.
Some major causes include:
⭐ Hormonal imbalance
⭐Chromosomal abnormalities
⭐ Thyroid disorder
⭐ Physical complication
⭐ Immunological disorder & chronic illness
⭐Use of drugs, alcohol, or tobacco during pregnancy. etc.
These are some of the major causes of miscarriages in women, some are caused by the activities you engage in or things you consume that could cause alterations, while others are as a result of the reactions or disorders in the body.

USEFUL TIPS TO PLAN A SUCCESSFUL PREGNANCY AFTER TWO MISCARRIAGES


1.Take a break

Miscarriage can cause a very deep feeling of loss, and internal pains both emotionally and physically. It’s painful to think that the baby you have been preparing for is no more, taking a break will help you recover from the shock emotionally and physically.

For conception to take place your entire body system must function properly so that you have a healthy and safe pregnancy. It is advisable you wait for two months or more before trying to get pregnant again. If you had a late miscarriage then you should wait for 6months or more before conceiving again, if you are 35 years or above, then you need to try soon because time is no longer on your side, waiting will not do you any good.

2.Recovering physically

After the miscarriage, the body is still weak and unstable, the uterus needs some time to be strong again and ready to nurture the embryo. It takes time for the lining of the endometrium to become healthy and strong again after a miscarriage.

If the body is not yet fit for conception then another miscarriage might spring up. Doctors usually advise that women should wait for some months before planning another pregnancy in order to have a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Taking a good decision and having a health plan to ensure your next pregnancy is safe aids your baby’s development and growth. You can take some folic acid supplements and prenatal vitamins some months before conception. Your weight should also be in check, excess weight affects conception and pregnancy, ensure to include physical activities in your day-to-day routine. Consume a healthy diet and reduce the quantity of caffeine intake, avoid drugs, smoking, drinking, and do not be exposed to radiations and stress.

3.Consult a medical Gynecologist
After a miscarriage or series of miscarriages consult a gynecologist, to give you medical guidelines on how to plan for a safe pregnancy and also recommend some tests to identify any health challenge that may cause further complications in the future. You may be placed under medication to prepare the body for conception and avoid further miscarriages.

CRITICAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Here are some tests a doctor will recommend to detect any disorder or imbalance before trying to conceive again.

1.Blood Test
A blood test will indicate if there is an underlying problem with the immune system or the hormonal balance in your body.

2.Chromosomal Tests
Couples should undergo this test. It helps to detect any chromosomal abnormalities, that may cause a miscarriage.

3.Ultrasound
An ultrasound test makes use of sound waves to produce images of the internal organs. The doctor may recommend an abdominal scan to get the images of the uterus.

4.Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is a test whereby the doctor inserts a small telescope, through the cervix into the uterus. He examines the openings of the Fallopian tubes and the wall of the uterus to check for any underlying effects or alterations.

5.Sonohysterogram:
During this test, a doctor injects fluid into the uterus through the cervix. It’ll enable him to identify any issue in the lining of the uterus.
The outcome of your test results determines the medical advice and treatment that will be given by your doctor to ensure that your next pregnancy is safe and healthy. You can always have a safe and healthy pregnancy if you are in a state of peak health and a sound mind.

ALSO, READ PREGNANCY AT AGE 50; IS IT ADVICEABLE?

REFERENCE:

1. 3 Expert Tips For Successful Pregnancy After Two Miscarriages

2. All About Pregnancy After Miscarriage | Parents

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18 REASONS YOU ARE NOT GETTING PREGNANT

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Why you're not getting pregnsnt




To an extent, the sight of pregnant women and babies on screen and in your neighborhood could even Intensify your cravings to become pregnant (usually as a married person). You are ready to conceive or give birth and pregnancy is not forthcoming, it becomes something to worry about, and finding the cause and possible solution is paramount. The joy of motherhood, conceiving and carrying your own baby, is what almost every woman craves.

There are many reasons why a woman of reproductive age would find it difficult to get pregnant. These reasons differ among individuals, depending on your body mechanism. Apparently, most people don’t get pregnant at their first attempt. Whether this is your first attempt at conceiving or you’re beginning to count months of futile efforts, be aware that there are some infertility mysteries that could cause havoc to pregnancy. Below are some that may be stopping you from getting pregnant.

1. Stress

stress
This can be as a result of undue pressure on the body which then causes internal tension. Stress causes the body to wear out. You burn out a lot of energy that could mediate the hormones in the body to be very active and perform their various functions in the body, both sexually and metabolically. It affects you emotionally, mentally, and physically, you can’t function under stress, your body too. Conception requires stability, for proper hormonal activities to take place.

“When you’re stressed, your adrenal system takes a hit. Your body isn’t going to say, ‘Okay, let’s get pregnant.’ Learning to say no and to take time for yourself is important for improving your chances of having a baby.” Says Via Bitidis, co-director of the North Toronto Naturopathic Clinic. The naturopathic doctor opines that balance and calm are a crucial part of trying to conceive.

Megan Karnis, medical director of The ONE Fertility Clinic in Burlington, Ont., agrees with a word of caution: “A lot of women think the best thing to do when you’re stressed is to take time off work. In my experience, that doesn’t help, because it makes a woman feel she has to get pregnant in that time, and then the stress to get pregnant is so much higher,” she says. Instead of altering your day-to-day routine entirely, Karnis recommends counseling, art therapy, meditation, and exercise to reduce stress levels.

2. Lack of Sleep
Sleep is the state of reduced consciousness during which a human or animal rests in a daily rhythm. It’s also an act of total body shut down for adequate rest. Inadequate sleep delays menstruation as a result of induced stress and will also alter your ovulation.
Some chemical substances stimulate sleep. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that stimulates sleep response, and if this is missing one could find it difficult to sleep well. Lack of sleep (or its inadequacy) induces stress which affects and weakens the immune system. This reduces the strength of the immune system to release antigens and antibodies that fight against infection or other foreign bodies that invade the body. It also limits the chances of getting pregnant.

Karnis adds that “This applies to men as well. Infections can cause fever and that excess heat can damage the sperm temporarily.” Furthermore, she said, “Women who don’t get enough sleep can also start to feel anxious, which may cause missed periods.”
Keeping yourself healthy is the baby bottom line, so set the PVR to record Mad Men and enforce a new bedtime.

3. Unstable Cycle
“A lot of women don’t understand their own cycles,” says Bitidis. Most people were taught the normal 28-day cycle in high school, but women are different and cycles differ in duration. You will find it easier to conceive if you observe your ovulation and have sex at the right time.
“We teach women that ovulation is two weeks before your period. Most people think that it’s two weeks after, but that’s only if you have a four-week cycle. The biggest thing is timing.
“We also teach people about sperm life—they can live for three days in the cervix, so you don’t have to have sex on the day of ovulation, it could be the day before. We also find that a lot of people don’t know that lubricant decreases sperm motility and transfer, so you shouldn’t use lubricant when you’re trying to get pregnant,” says Karnis.

4. Weight Problem
Weight can actually affect conception. Underweight or overweight individuals find it pretty difficult to get pregnant. “An undernourished body can cause a change in ovulation and alter ovulation.” Says Bitidis. “In the same vein, too much weight can have a great effect on fertility.”
“Just being over your ideal weight decreases your chance of getting pregnant even if you are ovulating regularly.” Says Karnis. “The further you stay above 25 on the Body Mass Index, the worse it gets,” Bitidis adds that maintaining a healthy diet and developing a reasonable exercise routine will do wonders for both your mind and body.

5. Bio-Feedback
Planning for pregnancy in a year’s time might be a good decision if you’re preparing to raise a family soon. It could help you adjust your lifestyle. If you want to try it out now, note that it can take time. Experts say it takes up to a year to get pregnant, but If you are worried that it’s been long enough, speak to your healthcare personnel about your alternatives, for fertility counseling and treatment.
There are people who struggled and battled with pregnancy, but they eventually conceived when they calmed down and allowed it to come on its thought. Just have a positive thought, relax, and conception will take place. Most times pregnancy occurs when you least expect it, be sure to worry less.
If you want to have sex, do it right and the right number of times. Dr. Curtis recommends having intercourse every day or every other day during your most fertile period. Try to know your most fertile period and stick to it, more than that could exhaust your spouse’s sperm count. Less than that and you may miss that crucial fertility timing.

6. You Are Too Preoccupied
No matter what you do, pregnancy cannot be planned. Lots of women take about six months or more to have a regular cycle after they quit contraceptives. Ovulation would likely not take place until the cycle is normal or regular.
Pro Tip: Take some months to study and monitor your cycle, and note your ovulation. If there’s no ovulation, then seek medical attention. Conception becomes easier when you know your cycle.

ALSO, READ Ovulation Symptoms: 7 Signs of Ovulation

7. You Depend On the “Good Enough” Idea.
Thinking you are “good enough” will not help you get pregnant.
Can you monitor and understand your ovulation? It will be difficult to conceive if you can’t because some women have their ovulation in their mid-cycle. Cycles are peculiar to every woman. Some have 21 days, 28 days, and others as far as 31.

A lot of women ovulate 14 days before their periods, for instance, if you have a 24-day cycle, ovulation would be within day 10. If you have irregular periods or you can’t remember the last time you menstruated, this info can be quite confusing for you.
Another regular mistake is not counting from the first day of your cycle. The first day of menstruation is the day you start bleeding –not the second or previous day. Fertility can come down to hours, you should know the accurate timing of your cycle.
Dr. Curtis suggests using ovulation predictor kits, available over the counter. Keeping a calendar to track your cycle can be helpful. Using an online ovulation predictor or a mobile phone app works too.

8. Turning Blind Eyes to Your Worries
Settle down and resolve any health challenge before you try to conceive. You might be concerned about your constant irregular cycle or ovulation issues. You may have diabetes or other health challenges. It’s ok to be worried, more importantly, don’t try to ignore those worries. You should put everything in check before trying to get pregnant. Seek medical attention from your doctor.

9. Keeping an Unhealthy Lifestyle
A lot of women expose themselves to risk factors, especially ones that promote infertility; alcohol, smoke, drugs. The early stage of pregnancy is a very sensitive period of foetus development and you have to be mindful of what you consume. When it comes to alcohol, smoking and drugs behave as if you are already pregnant, because they are dangerous for you and impede conception.

10. Anovulation
Conception needs a sperm and an egg; If you don’t ovulate you can’t conceive. Anovulation is always an issue for conception, it can be stimulated by changes, conditions, and hormones.
Posterior Capsular Opacifations (PCOs) is one cause of anovulation. Others could be underweight or overweight, thyroid dysfunction, primary ovarian insufficiency, excessive exercise, and hyperprolactinemia.
Many women suffering from ovulation problems always have an irregular cycle. Nevertheless, a regular period does not guarantee ovulation. If you are having irregular cycles, see a doctor immediately for medical advice.

11. Too Quick to Move Out
There is a scientific and anecdotal backing here. You do not need to rush to the bathroom to wash off or douche; it’s better to lie flat on the bed, hips elevated, within 20 to 30 minutes after sexual intercourse to allow the sperm to go in well. This can be a remedy to about 80% of infertility issues.
Although douching might seem like a natural next level in your pregnancy making procedure, it’s obviously not nice. Douches can act as a spermicide, changing the PH of your vagina. “This has been shown to impair fertility,” Dr. Curtis says.

12. You Are Not Trying Long Enough
The question of how long have you tried, maybe a factor. For some, conception comes easy, but most women don’t conceive as easy as it is pronounced — it may take a longer process before conception can occur. You might want to check how long and consistent you have been. It could be that you really have not done much.
Close to 80% of women conceive after 6 months of trying, about 90% get pregnant in 12 months of trying to conceive. This can occur if you have a well-timed and planned intercourse monthly.

13. Your Man Is the Problem
Women are to conceive but it takes two to make it work, yeah? 20 or 30% of couples having fertility problems, notice fertility issues in the man, while 40% discover infertility in both couples.
One Important thing to note is that male infertility is usually asymptomatic; they rarely show symptoms of any underlying conditions. Without analyzing the semen, a test that checks or measures the quality and quantity of semen and sperm, one would not know there’s a problem. If you are seeing a doctor, make sure the both of you are properly tested.

14. Age-Related Infertility
Age affects fertility too. For women above 35 and men above 40, it could take a longer time to conceive. Some think having regular and normal cycles means they are safe, but it’s far from the truth. Your age affects egg quality and quantity.

15. Underlying Medical Problems
Some underlying medical conditions. For instance, undiagnosed diabetes, hormonal changes or imbalance, or a thyroid imbalance could cause infertility. When it’s not properly comprehended, depression is likely to occur in infertility. Autoimmune diseases, like undiagnosed sexually-transmitted infections and lupus, can lead to infertility.

Prolonged Untreated Infection
Infection is also one of the major causes of infertility. A prolonged infection destroys the endometrium and fallopian tubes, reducing your chances of conceiving. It affects both the man and the woman. In cases like this, early diagnosis and treatment help to prevent further damage and infertility.

• Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Ovulatory issues account for almost 25% of infertility in women. Others can be issues with uterine structural problems or endometriosis and blocked fallopian tubes.

The fallopian tubes happen to be the footpath between the uterus and ovaries. The fallopian tubes do not connect to the ovaries directly. The Sperm must swim up from the cervix, through the uterus, and then into the fallopian tubes.

When an egg is released from the ovaries, hair-like projections from the fallopian tube go close to the egg internally. Conception occurs in the fallopian tube, where the egg and sperm finally meet. If something stops the fallopian tubes from functioning very well, hindering the sperm and egg from meeting, you can’t conceive.

There are so many causes of blocked fallopian tubes. Most women with blocked fallopian tubes have pains in the pelvic region, others do not have or rarely have symptoms. Only fertility tests can ascertain for blocked fallopian tubes. An HSG is a special type of X-ray used to check if the fallopian tubes are opened. It can be requested by your Obstetrician or Gynecologist (OB/GYN).

• You Have Endometriosis
Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium-like tissue (a mucus membrane that lines the uterus) is found in other places outside the uterus. It has been evaluated that 59% of women with this medical condition will find it difficult to conceive.
The commonest symptoms of endometriosis are pelvic pains (besides menstruation), and painful period. Nevertheless, not all women that experience this majority discover it during their infertility checkup.

16. No Testing or Treatment
Most couples with infertility issues, delay testing and treatment. The majority sit back and wait for miracles to occur. This is a mistake because most causes of infertility worsen as the undiagnosed disease progresses. The earlier you discover the cause, the easier for fertility treatment to work for you and for you to conceive. If you have been trying to get pregnant for a year, please seek medical attention.

17. Unexplained Infertility
About 10 to 20% of couples find no cause for their infertility. Some doctors would attribute this to a lack of proper diagnosis. To them, there is no such thing as “unexplained” infertility.
The truth is, even if there is no explanation for your infertility, you should still take medication to boost your fertility rate and avoid things that could expose you to infertility.

18. You’re Blaming Yourself
When infertility issues surface, we normally ask if the woman is the cause. According to Dr. Curtis, “cases of infertility are about 40 percent male, 40 percent female, and 20 percent a combination of both partners.”
Often the expectant woman runs to see her doctor for medical diagnosis, which is the wrong ¬– diagnosis should be done on both couples. The truth is it takes a healthy couple an average of 6 months to one year before conception can take place.

MEDICAL REFERENCE

  1. https://www.todaysparent.com/getting-pregnant/5-reasons-youre-not-getting-pregnant/
  2. https://www.parents.com/getting-pregnant/trying-to-conceive/get-pregnant-fertility-help/

ALSO, READ 21 Useful Tips To Improve Your Chances Of Pregnancy





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Pregnancy

Online Ovulation Calculator & Calendar- Calculate your fertile window

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ovulation calculator




OVULATION CALCULATOR

Calculate ovulation

First day of your last period

Length of your cycle

ALSO, READ Ovulation Symptoms: 7 Signs of Ovulation





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